Itsukushima Shrine on Miyajima Island - the name Itsukushima literally means 'island of worship' and from ancient times the island itself was worshipped as a god. The shrine and its torii gate are unique for being built over water, seemingly floating in the sea during high tide.

The great Torii is the boundary between the spirit and the human worlds. The first Otorii of Itsukushima Shrine was constructed in 1168 and was built 650 feet offshore, it is a fifty-foot tall vermilion otorii gate ("great gate"), built of decay resistant camphor wood. In the time of Taira-no-Kiyomori, the standard etiquette was to pass under the O-Torii gate by boat and then enter Itsukushima Shrine. You can still  experience passing through the O-Torii gate on a boat. As you pass under the O- Torii gate, the custom is to bow twice, clap twice, and bow once.

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